近期,许多家长们踊跃参加各个国际高中举办的开放日,并且认真记录着学校展示的信息,但在回家认真对比之后,便犯了难。其中最困惑的一点就是每个学校开设的课程体系各不相同,这些课程到底都是什么?应该如何为孩子选择适合的课程呢?有很多家长也许听说过AP、IB、A-Level这三大课程体系,但在本文中,老师会以通俗易懂地形式帮助家长们介绍包含AP、IB、A-Level、PGA、BC、VCE/WACE这6种北京国际高中开设的主流课程体系,供家长们做更全面的参考。

Recently, many parents have enthusiastically participated in the international high school open day, and carefully recorded the information displayed by the school, but after careful comparison at home, it is difficult. One of the most puzzling is that each school offers a different curriculum system, what are these courses after all? How to choose suitable courses for children? Many parents may have heard of the three major curriculum systems, AP, IB, A-Level, but in this article, the teacher will help parents introduce the mainstream curriculum system including AP, IB, A-Level, PGA, BC, VCE\/WACE, which is offered by Beijing International High School for more comprehensive reference.

  具体介绍:IB课程是由总部设在瑞士日内瓦,由联合国教科文组织承认的国际文凭组织IBO(InternationalBaccalaureateOrganization)设计。IB课程最初的设计目的是服务外交官和跨国企业高管的子女,为了能够让他们在各个国家读书的时候都能学习到统一标准的课程,IB课程最大的特点就是注重基础知识的教学,还关注学生素质和能力的培养,可谓是真正意义上全人教育。

The IB course is designed by IBO (InternationalBaccalaureateOrganization), an international diploma organization recognized by UNESCO, based in Geneva, Switzerland. The IB curriculum was originally designed to serve the children of diplomats and executives of multinational corporations, and in order to enable them to learn a uniform standard when studying in various countries, the IB curriculum is characterized by a focus on the teaching of basic knowledge and on the development of students'qualities and abilities, which is truly whole-person education.

  课程设置:IB课程的体系性非常强,覆盖小学到高中。其中IBDP课程是针对11、12年级的学生,里面分六大学科组,包括世界文学与母语、第二语言、个人与社会学、科学、数学和艺术选修,同时再加上三大核心课程,即认识论TheoryofKnowledge、拓展论文ExtendedEssay和创意、行动与服务Creativity,ActivityandService。

Curriculum: IB curriculum is very systematic, covering primary to high school. IBDP courses are for students in grades 11 and 12 and are divided into six undergraduate groups, including the world's literature and mother tongue, second language, individual and sociology, science, mathematics and art, plus three core courses, namely, Theory of Knowledge, outreach papers Extended Essays and Creation, Action and Services Creativity, Activity and Service.

  评分体系:IB总分是45分,想拿IB完整证书的话必须完成6门,每门学科的满分是7分,再加上拓展论文(EE)和知识论文(TOK)的3分得到45分的总分,通常来讲,想申请美国常青藤名校,总分需要达到40分以上。IB课程分为标准级别(Standardlevel)和高级别(Higherlevel),其中高级别课程(HigherLevel)可以兑换美国大学学分。

IB total score is 45, if you want to get IB complete certificate must complete 6, each subject full score is 7, plus the extension paper (EE) and knowledge paper (TOK)3 points get 45 points, usually speaking, want to apply for American Ivy League school, the total score needs to reach above 40 points. IB courses are divided into Standard Level and Higher Level, where Higher Level can be converted into American University credits.

  课程难点:从单个科目的角度来讲,IB课程难度没有AP和A-Level难,但IB需要学至少6门,并且IB课后的论文特别多,需要学生花大量时间找资料并写作,使得IB的整体难度变得非常大,这种情况也造成很多学生基本没有时间准备托福、SAT等标准化考试,但如果孩子能够在取得IB好成绩的同时取得托福SAT的高分,则大学招生官就会刮目相看,对孩子青睐有加。

IB is not as difficult as AP and A-Level in terms of individual subjects, but IB needs to learn at least six of them, and IB needs to spend a lot of time searching for information and writing, which makes IB very difficult, which makes it very difficult for many students to prepare for standardized tests such as TOEFL and SAT.

  适合学生:适合英语基础能力强,尤其是小学或初中学的就是IB课程,未来希望在文科和商科专业上发展的学生。

Suitable for students: suitable for students with strong basic English skills, especially in primary or junior high school is the IB course, in the future hope to develop in liberal arts and business majors.

  具体介绍:AP的全称是AdvancedPlacement,译为大学先修课程。它和SAT都是由美国大学理事会(CollegeBoard)创办。在成立之初,AP课程的目的是为了给成绩优异的高中学生提供难度更高的课程,让他们能够在高中阶段体验大学一年级难度的课程。如果有AP成绩,不仅可以抵掉美国大学入学后相应课程的学分,而且能够在申请时体现出学生极强的竞争力,因为在美国大学招生官心中,学生在高中学习的课程难度是他们录取学生时重点考虑的因素。在这,我需要强调一点,AP和IB、A-Level等课程体系不同,它本身不是一个课程体系,它只是课程,通常在美国它会依托于各个学校自己的课程体系,因为美国高中很少统一标准,但多数都会开设AP课程,因此AP基本是可以无缝衔接到各个课程体系当中。

The full name of the AP is Advanced Placement, which translates into a pre-university course. Both it and SAT were founded by the College Board. At the beginning of its establishment, the aim of the AP course was to provide more difficult courses for high school students with excellent grades, so that they could experience the difficult courses in the first year of college in high school. If there is an AP score, it cannot only offset the credit of the corresponding courses after admission to American universities, but also reflect the great competitiveness of students when applying, because in the heart of American university admissions officers, the difficulty of students studying in high school is a key factor in their admission. Here, I need to emphasize that AP and IB, A-Level and other curriculum systems are different, it is not a curriculum system itself, it is only a curriculum, usually in the United States it will rely on the individual school's own curriculum system, because the United States high school rarely unified standards, but most of the AP courses will be offered, so AP can be seamlessly linked to the various curriculum systems.

  课程设置:AP总共有38门科目。多数学生会根据自己的实际情况选3-5门课,其中他的学科和美国大学课程设置基本一致,包含微积分、物理、化学、经济、英文写作、文学、环境科学、美国政治与政府等。

Course setup: AP has a total of 38 subjects. Most students choose 3-5 courses according to their actual situation, among which his subjects are basically the same as those of American universities, including calculus, physics, chemistry, economics, English writing, literature, environmental science, American politics and government.

  评分体系:AP的满分是5分。广泛意义上讲,3分就算及格,但如果用做申请美国大学或兑换美国大学学分时,一般至少需要4分以上的成绩,最好是5分。学习AP课程对提升校内成绩GPA也有好处。通常来讲,美国的高中GPA满分是分,但如果学生修了AP课程的话,他修AP的那门课的GPA就可以变成5分,这样总分就可以突破分,达到,这样的分数,从而在GPA体现自己的学习实力。

Scoring system: The full score of AP is 5. Broadly speaking, a 3-point pass is required, but if you apply for an american college or exchange for an american university credit, you usually need at least four points, preferably five. Learning AP courses is also good for improving your GPA. Generally speaking, the high school GPA in the United States is a full score, but if the student takes the AP course, the GPA of the course he takes the AP can become 5 points, so that the total score can break through the score, reach, such a score, and thus reflect his learning strength in the GPA.

  课程难点:因为AP理科课程难度很高。虽然AP文科也不简单,但是上AP学校的学生很少修AP文科,基本由学校自己开设的英语课代替。因为AP课程门数可以由学生自己定,如果修6门以上,难度大于IB,修4-5门,难度和IB相当,如果3门以内,压力还好。

Course difficulty: Because AP science course is very difficult. Although AP liberal arts is not simple, students attending AP schools rarely take AP liberal arts courses, which are basically replaced by their own English classes. Because the number of AP courses can be determined by the students themselves, if more than 6 courses, the difficulty is greater than IB,4-5 courses, the difficulty is the same as IB, if within 3, the pressure is good.

  适合学生:适合初中在公立学校读书,理科基础扎实,但英语相对薄弱一些,未来希望在理工科专业上发展的学生

Suitable for students: Suitable for junior high school students in public schools, solid science foundation, but relatively weak English, the future hope to develop in science and engineering students

  具体介绍:A-Level的全称是英国高中课程(GeneralCertificateofEducationAdvancedLevel),也是英国大学的入学考试课程。A-Level主要对接的是英国的大学,英国大学学制短,本科只有三年,研究生只有一年,这样紧凑的节奏需要学生尽早确定专业方向,不像美国大学那样更自由的选课,在大三大四再确定专业方向。受英国大学教学体系的影响,A-Level课程的定位和IB不同,它不是去培养“通才”,而是更多强调培养在一个行业有扎实基础的专业人才,需要学生对专业进行更早地定位。

The full name of A-Level is the British High School Course (GeneralCertificateofEducationAdvancedLevel) and the British University Entrance Examination course. A-Level is mainly linked to a British university, with a short undergraduate system, only three years and a graduate student only one year, so the tight rhythm requires students to determine their professional direction as early as possible, unlike the more liberal selection of courses in American universities, and then determine the professional direction in senior year. Under the influence of the British university teaching system, the orientation of the A-Level curriculum is different from that of the IB, which is not to cultivate \"generalists \", but to emphasize more the cultivation of professionals with a solid foundation in an industry, which requires students to position their majors earlier.

  课程设置:A-Level课程包含70多门课程,在中国的A-Level学校通常开设数学、进阶数学、物理、计算机学、会计学、商业学、经济学等课程。一般学生按照大学要求选择3至4门课程来学习。按照A-Level学校老师的说法,它会包容那些稍有偏科的孩子,让他们把自己的优势集中发挥出来,扬长避短。

Curriculum: A-Level curriculum contains more than 70 courses, in China's A-Level schools usually offer mathematics, advanced mathematics, physics, computer science, accounting, business, economics and other courses. The average student chooses three to four courses to study according to the requirements of the university. According to the A-Level school teacher, it will accommodate the slightly biased children, allowing them to focus on their strengths and strengths.

  评分体系:A-Level的成绩分为A、B、C、D、E、U六个等级,A为最优,E为及格,U为不及格。A-Level的等级与分制对应独树一帜,A等级对应80-100分,B等级对应70-79分,C等级对应60-69分,D等级对应50-59分,E等级对应40-49分,U等级对应40分以下。我们能够看出,40分以上,A-Level就算及格,但这块同学们不要高兴太早,这不是说A-Level容易通过,反而说明A-Level课程给分很低。

Grading system: A-Level scores are divided into A, B, C, D, E, U six grades, A is the best, E is passing, and U is failing. A-Level's grade and division system correspond to unique, A grade corresponds to 80-100 points, B grade corresponds to 70-79 points, C grade corresponds to 60-69 points, D grade corresponds to 50-59 points, E grade corresponds to 40-49 points, and U grade corresponds to less than 40 points. We can see that above 40 points, even if the A-Level pass, but the students are not happy too early, this is not to say that A-Level is easy to pass, but the A-Level course is very low score.

  课程难点:因为A-Level分成AS课程和A2课程,一般AS课程对应高二课程,A2课程对应高三课程。从难度上看,A2课程和AP一致,但高二的AS课程难度不如AP。从数学、物理、化学这些单项科目来看,A-Level整体难度高于IB,但由于IB要固定学6门课,而且课后论文很多,而A-Level学生只需要学3-4门,而且没有那么多的课后论文,因此整体难度还是低于IB。

Course difficulty: Because A-Level is divided into AS course and A2 course, general AS course corresponds to senior two course, A2 course corresponds to senior three course. From the difficulty point of view, A2 course and AP are the same, but the AS course of senior two is not as difficult as AP. In terms of mathematics, physics and chemistry, the overall difficulty of A-Level is higher than that of IB, but because IB has to be fixed to study 6 courses, and there are many papers after class, A-Level students only need to learn 3-4 courses, and there are not so many after-school papers, so the overall difficulty is still lower than that of IB.

  具体介绍:加拿大BC课程是由加拿大不列颠哥伦比亚省(BritishColumbia)推出的课程体系。在加拿大,每个省都有自己的课程体系,有点类似于中国的,比如加拿大安大略省也有自己的课程体系。因为加拿大不列颠哥伦比亚省教育局和中国的国际学校合作的很密切,所以在国内开设的加拿大课程普遍都是BC课程。这个课程的优势是非常受加拿大大学认可,学生如果学校分数非常优异,加上托福或雅思成绩达到大学要求的分数线的话,可以直接获得多伦多大学、麦吉尔大学等加拿大顶级名校录取。

The BC course in Canada is a curriculum system introduced by British Columbia, Canada. In Canada, each province has its own curriculum system, somewhat similar to those in China, such as Ontario, Canada, also has its own curriculum system. Because the British Columbia Education Bureau of Canada and international schools in China work very closely together, the Canadian courses offered in Canada are generally BC courses. The advantage of this course is that it is highly recognized by the University of Canada, where students can be admitted directly to the University of Toronto, McGill University and other top Canadian universities if they have excellent grades, plus the TOEFL or IELTS scores that meet the college requirements.

  课程设置:加拿大BC课程包含30多门课,其中一些是必修课,有英语语言艺术、社会科学、自然科学、数学、体育等。还有一些是选修课,学生可以根据以后读大学的方向来选择,选择的范围有数学、科学(物理、化学、生物、地理)、人文科学、艺术、信息技术等课程。

Curriculum: Canada BC course contains more than 30 courses, some of which are compulsory courses, there are English language arts, social sciences, natural sciences, mathematics, sports and so on. There are also elective courses, students can choose according to the direction of later university, the scope of choice is mathematics, science (physics, chemistry, biology, geography), humanities, art, information technology and other courses.

  评分体系:加拿大BC课程的评分体系很有意思,总共分成A、B、C 、C、C-和F六个等级,其中A对应86-100分,B对应73-85分,C 对应67-72分,C对应60-66分、C-对应50-59分,F对应49分及以下,在该体系中,C-是对应的50分是最低及格分。

Scoring system: Canada BC course scoring system is very interesting, totally divided into A, B, C, C-C- and F six grades, A for 86-100, B for 73-85, C for 67-72, C for 60-66, C-for 50-59, F for 49 and below, in this system, C- for 50 is the lowest pass.

  课程难点:加拿大BC课程整体难度要低于AP、IB和A-Level三大课程体系。因此不能转化美国大学学分。但是BC课程中的英文课难度非常高,因为里面考察的内容主要是英文的诗词鉴赏,以及对散文、故事等长篇文章的理解,而且读完之后还要以作文形式去分析写作手法、人物、主题等,和新SAT的作文考察形式非常类似。

Course Difficulty: The overall difficulty of BC course in Canada is lower than that of AP, IB and A-Level. therefore cannot be converted into american university credits. However, it is very difficult for the English class in the BC course, because it is mainly about the appreciation of English poetry, and the understanding of prose, stories and other long articles.

  具体介绍:和加拿大由每个省来推行课程的情况类似,澳大利亚的课程都是由各个州来推行的。在,比如VCE的全称是VictoriaCertificateofEducation,是澳大利亚维多利亚省的证书教育,而WACE的全程是WesternAustraliaCertificateofEducation,是澳大利亚西澳洲的证书教育。因为两个课程相似度很高,在此我合并在一起来讨论。

As in Canada, where courses are introduced in each province, the Australian curriculum is carried out by each state. In, for example, the full name of the VCE is VictoriaCertificateofEducation, which is a certificate education in Australia's Victoria Province, and the entire course of WACE is WesternAustraliaCertificateofEducation, which is a certificate education in Australia's Western Australia. Because the similarities between the two courses are very high, I'll discuss them together.

  课程难点:因为我的大学在澳洲八大名校之一的西澳大利亚大学读书,因此碰巧能够接触到很多毕业于VCE和WACE课程的学生,从大学的整体表现和课本的难度来看,VCE、WACE课程和加拿大的BC课程基本一致,也不能兑换美国大学的学分。

Course Difficulty: Because my university is studying at the University of Western Australia, one of the top eight universities in Australia, it happens to be able to reach many students who have graduated from VCE and WACE courses. In terms of the overall performance of the university and the difficulty of the textbook, VCE, WACE and BC courses in Canada are basically the same and cannot be converted to credits from American universities.

  适合学生:希望在国内参加美国高考ACT考试的具体介绍:PGA课程的全称是ProjectofGlobalAccess,中文译为全球通用证书项目,是近几年新推出的一种国际课程体系。是美国高考之一的ACT考试的官方合作伙伴。因为这层关系,在PGA课程读书的学生可以享有在本校参加美国高考ACT考试的福利,而非PGA课程的学生则需要到香港、澳门等大陆以外地区以及韩国、日本等其他国家去参加考试。通过多年毕业生良好的口碑,PGA课程的成绩被以美国为主的被100多所海外大学认可,学生可顺利进入国外大学的本科段学习。

The full name of the PGA course is Project of Global Access, which is a new international curriculum system introduced in recent years. is an official partner in the ACT exam for one of the U.S. college entrance examinations. Because of this, students studying in the PGA course can enjoy the benefits of taking the ACT exam in the U.S. college entrance examination, while non-PGA course students need to go to places outside the mainland such as Hong Kong, Macao and other countries such as South Korea and Japan to take the exam. Through the good reputation of many years of graduates, the results of the PGA course are recognized by more than 100 overseas universities in the United States, and students can enter the undergraduate section of foreign universities smoothly.

  课程难点:PGA课程本身难度不是很高,和加拿大BC,澳大利亚VCE/WACE课程难度基本相当,但是如果学生希望调整更难的课程,可以通过学校选修AP课程,因为AP课程本身不是一个体系,它可以嵌入到PGA课程当中。

Difficulty: PGA course itself is not very difficult, and Canada BC, Australia VCE\/WACE course is basically the same difficulty, but if students want to adjust the more difficult course, can take AP course through the school, because AP course itself is not a system, it can be embedded in the PGA course.

  注:文中适合学生,难度评分,以及大学认可度三项为个人的经验,如有错误也请教育同行多多斧正,非常感谢。

Note: the article is suitable for students, difficulty score, and college recognition for the three personal experience, if there are mistakes, please educate colleagues more ax, thank you very much.


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