Since the beginning of the year, there have been major moves in a number of key areas in the recent two sessions, plenary sessions of the municipal party committee and other important conferences held in various cities.
As our economy enters the new normal, the leading role of the central city becomes more and more prominent. Upgrade the city level, make bigger and stronger central city platform, speed up the transformation and upgrade, become the focus of local focus.
At the same time, the economic downward pressure on the scale of tax reduction, local fiscal revenue in 2020 continue to show a low-speed growth trend, and rigid expenditure pressure, tight life has become the key words of many local work reports this year, government general expenditure, non-rigid expenditure significantly reduced, people's livelihood expenditure is a key guarantee.
On the morning of January 7, the fourth session of the 15th People's Congress of Nantong City opened, and the acting mayor of Nantong City, Wang Hui, gave a government work report to the Congress: in 2019, the estimated gross domestic product of Nantong is 940 billion yuan, an increase of more than%.
Looking ahead to 2020, the report clearly points out that this year is a key year for Nantong's total economic volume to exceed trillions. Nantong should take advantage of the development of regional integration in the Yangtze River Delta and other national strategies, integrate all aspects into southern Jiangsu, connect with Shanghai in all directions, build the strategic fulcrum of the Yangtze economic belt and the gateway city of the northern wing of the Shanghai metropolis, and ensure that the total economic volume exceeds trillion.
“Faced with trillions, are we ready?" At the 10th plenary session of the 12th Nantong Municipal Party Committee on January 3rd, Xu Huimin, secretary of the Nantong Municipal Party Committee, asked the whole staff:"As a symbol of the higher level of economic energy in the city, we must respond scientifically to the external tightening environment, resolutely stand up to the downward pressure of the economy, bite the goal, keep the bottom line, and be quick and make the total amount.” A trillion-plus doesn't mean quality goes up. The new concept of development must be more consciously used as a baton, traffic lights, driving infrastructure, public services, business environment, mental outlook and so on to match the trillion-level cities.
On january 3, yantai city held the city rail transit group co., ltd. unveiling ceremony, then yantai municipal party secretary zhang shuping presided over the city's rail transit construction special session to promote yantai early into the urban rail transit era.
Zhang said Yantai, as one of the \"three cores\" in Shandong's comprehensive experimental area for the conversion of old and new kinetic energy, is imperative to improve the function of the city and upgrade the energy level of the city.
On the morning of January 9, the 10th plenary session of the 14th session of the Dongguan Municipal Party Committee was held. The meeting proposed to further promote the urban quality improvement project and speed up the construction of a high-quality modern city. The improvement of urban quality will change from the key breakthrough to the regular stage of overall improvement and overall improvement.
Ding changfa, associate professor of economics at xiamen university, analyzed the first major manufacturing cities, such as quanzhou, yantai and nantong, before the traditional development model reached the bottleneck, so by upgrading the city energy level, making the urban area bigger and stronger, upgrading the infrastructure of the city, improving the local public goods as much as possible, improving the development environment to a certain extent, which is conducive to attracting talent, technology and other elements to promote the transformation and upgrading.
Taking Quanzhou as an example, Ding Changfa believes that there is still a lot of room for improvement in the transformation and upgrading of Quanzhou industry at present, especially in the high-tech aspects of industry. Among them, talent is the biggest short board. Industrial transformation and upgrading requires talent, but Quanzhou is not enough in the attraction and introduction of talent. Only by upgrading the city level can we further attract talent.
In fact, not only these big manufacturing cities, including wuhan, nanjing and other strong provincial capitals, are also actively upgrading the level of urban energy, enhancing their own ability to gather resources and radiation to drive the surrounding areas.
This year's report on the work of the Wuhan Municipal Government states that in the future, Wuhan will seize strategic opportunities such as \"promoting the development of the Yangtze Economic Belt and promoting the rise of the central region \", take advantage of the situation, upgrade its energy level and core competitiveness, speed up its modernization, internationalization and ecologicalization, and accelerate its progress towards a national central city and a new first-tier city.
On the morning of January 9, the third session of the 16th Nanjing people's Congress opened. The acting mayor of nanjing, han liming, gave a report on his work to the congress, saying that the state promoted the optimization of regional economic layout and proposed \"strengthening the comprehensive carrying capacity of central cities and urban agglomerations and the optimal allocation of resources \", which would open up a new space for the development of nanjing with multiple national strategies.
A background here is that giving full play to local comparative advantages, especially improving the leading role of central cities, metropolitan areas and urban agglomerations, is a new requirement for the current regional economic development of our country.
Peng Pengpeng, vice president of the Guangdong Institute of Physical Reform, analyzed the first financial reporter that the central city is the center of politics, economy, culture, medical treatment, transportation and other fields, and all kinds of high-end elements are concentrated in the central city. At present, the economy has entered a new stage of transformation and upgrading, and the role of the central city is more prominent. High-end manufacturing, major emerging industries, large enterprises generally appear in the central big cities, these large enterprises on the upstream and downstream industrial chain, employment, population agglomeration of the driving role is very strong.
Since 2018, the central government has repeatedly stressed the need to play a leading role in central cities and urban agglomerations. The 2019 Central Economic Work Conference again stressed the need to improve the comprehensive carrying capacity of central cities and urban agglomerations.
Professor hu tiangen, director of the center for public service and performance evaluation at zhejiang university, told the first financial reporter that making bigger and stronger central cities is conducive to resource gathering, improving the ability of scientific research, innovation and serving the surrounding areas in central cities, and better driving the development of the surrounding areas.
In this process, compared with the super-large cities such as beijing and shanghai, first-tier cities, second-tier cities, whether population or urban scale expansion of the space is still very large, these cities also need to upgrade the city level, in order to be invincible in the future urban competition, in order to play a better central leading role and promote the coordinated development of regional economy.
For example, Wuhan proposed that efforts should be made to enhance the central city function and better play the role of Wuhan in the province's \"main center \". We will promote the development of industrial clusters, build large corridors of scientific and technological innovation in Optical Valley, and build large corridors and large economic corridors in front of the air, and promote the expansion of the industrial chain to the surrounding cities.
According to this year's report on the work of the Nanjing government, Nanjing will focus on doing a good job in 10 aspects. One of the first mentions is \"the implementation of national strategies to promote the first place in central cities. In the integration of national strategy to strive for the first, constantly enhance the comprehensive function of the city and radiation driving force.
At the third session of the 14th session of the nanjing municipal CPPCC on january 7th, zhang jinghua, a member of the standing committee of the jiangsu provincial party committee and secretary of the nanjing municipal party committee, also noted that hangzhou, hefei, chengdu, wuhan and other brotherly cities are making full-scale efforts to promote regional development. stand out in the fierce regional competition, which is a major opportunity, a major mission and a major challenge for Nanjing. Nanjing must comprehensively enhance the urban carrying capacity, radiation driving force, comprehensive competitiveness.
Zhang Baotong, president of the Shaanxi Provincial Council for Urban Economic and Cultural Research, told First Finance that the development of the city is not a step by step for large, medium and small cities, but a priority for the development of central cities. In the case of large cities such as beijing and shanghai, high cost of living, small and medium-sized cities are not attractive enough, strong second-tier cities are ushered in a golden period of development.
In the face of economic downward pressure, people's livelihood expenditure protection is also placed in a more important position by upgrading the city level, making the central city platform bigger and stronger, and speeding up the transformation and upgrading.
Deng Shulian, a professor at the Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, told First Finance that this year's fiscal revenue situation is still not optimistic, so the structure of fiscal expenditure needs to be adjusted and optimized to reduce non-rigid non-key expenditure in general, but must focus on ensuring people's livelihood expenditure such as education, health and social security.
Wuhan municipal government work report said that in 2019, the general expenditure of the municipal direct departments decreased by%, the expenditure of departmental projects decreased by%, and the investment in people's livelihood increased by%, accounting for% of the general public budget expenditure. One drop and one increase reflect a strong inclination towards people's livelihood expenditure.
And this year Wuhan will further reduce the general expenditure, in which the basic expenditure of departments and units of the general expenditure is reduced by more than 10%, and the expenditure of departmental budget items is reduced by more than 15%. Save money to focus on people's livelihood.
This year, for example, Wuhan will continue to raise the basic pensions of retirees, steadily raise the standards for social assistance and security for urban and rural subsistence allowance and special hardship support personnel, complete the task of reforming more than 260 old residential areas, promote the expansion of quality compulsory education, promote the construction of 80 supporting projects for primary and secondary schools, and add 40,000 new admission degrees.
Xiamen municipal government work report also regards livelihood protection as a key task. This year, for example, there will be 56 primary and secondary kindergarten projects and 10,000 new degrees. We will fully meet the target of starting construction of 100,000 affordable housing units, speed up the distribution of rental housing, increase the supply of rental housing, and gradually realize the need for housing. We will strengthen skills training, transform production and start-up support, and increase employment by 150,000 people in urban areas.
Shenzhen has slashed non-rigid spending, such as general, this year, with spending arrangements for general public budgets at the municipal level rising only by%. But the investment in people's livelihood is still very strong. For example, expenditure on education at the municipal level has increased by% year-on-year, on health and health by%, on social welfare by%, and on ecological protection and urban management by% year-on-year.
Jilin city government work report also asked this year to do a good job people's livelihood. For example, the standard of rural minimum living allowance is raised to 4140 yuan per person per year, and the standard of urban special hardship is raised to 715 yuan per person per month, so as to continue to improve the pension treatment level of retirees.
At the end of last year, the deputy secretary of the Shanghai Municipal Party Committee and mayor Ying Yong presided over a forum to listen to the report on the work of the government in Shanghai for 2020(draft for comments) and government work. The government should take the lead in \"tightening the sun\" and vigorously reduce non-rigid and non-heavy spending.